Global Climate - Polar

General Characteristics - year round low temperature (average temperature of the warmest month is below 10C (50F))

Extent - northern coast areas of North America and Eurasia; Greenland and Antarctica

Major types: -

  • polar tundra (ET)
    • ground is permanently frozen to depths of hundreds of meters - called permafrost
    • meager annual precip
    • very cool summers - low sun angle
    • extremely cold winters
    • example for Barrow, Alaska
  • polar ice caps (EF)
    • average temperature for each month is below freezing
    • interior ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica
    • very meager precip - no moisture
    • example for Eismitte, Greenland

Climate Map - West

Climate Map - East